Se Dang Ethnic Group in Vietnam - What You'll

by:Chance     2020-09-01
Proper name: Xo Teng (Hdang, Xdang, Hdra), Mnam, Ca Dong, Ha Lang (Xlang), Tay Tri (Tay Tre), Chau.
Other names: Hdang, Kmrang, Con lan, Brila.
Population: 96,766 people
Local groups: Xo Teng, To Dra, Mnam, Ca Dong, Ha Lang, Tay Tri, Chau.
Language: Sedang language is bestowed upon the Mon-Khmer language family (Austroasitatic language family). Their language is certainly similar to Hre, Bahnar and Gie-Trieng languages. Factors some different vocabularies among groups. The Sedang make use of the Latin alphabet for their writing community.
History: The Sedang are long time inhabitants round the area of Truong Son - Tay Nguyen central highlands regions in Quang Nam, Quang Ngai areas.
Economic activities: A faction of the Sedang practice wet-rice cultivation. Their cultivation technique isn't all that well-developed. They work the fields by herding water buffaloes into it, so that the buffalo's hooves work the ground. They use hoes, which are made from wood (steel ones are used now). A lot of Sedang work on terraced fields, using just as techniques and tools as other ethnic groups in the area. They make use of the axe and machete to cut down trees, and then burn individuals. To plant seedlings, a dent in the bottom is made using a pointed digging stick by having an iron piece of advice. To weed, the Sedang use little hoes built from tree tree limbs. At harvest, the Sedang pluck the ears of rice using their fingers and hands. In addition to rice, the Sedang also plant millet, corn, cassava, pumpkin, tobacco, melon, pineapple, banana, sugar cane, etc. traditional domestic animals are water buffaloes, goats, pigs, dogs, and chickens. Fruit picking, hunting and fishing additionally play a big role inside their economy. Among the Sedang, weaving appears inside regions. Hammerings is highly developed on the inside To Dra group. Discover how to change one into iron for hammering. In certain places, the Sedang are gold-washers. Bamboo is also developed to produce household covers. Although barrier trade was commonly practiced, nowadays, the Sedang use money for most of their transactions.
Diet: The Sedang eat rice and sticky rice with chili salt and food hunted or gathered in the forest. If only worshipping does the Sedang eat poultry and meat. Popular foods included soup cooked with vegetables or bamboo shoot along with fish and meat, snails, and grilled foods. The Sedang drink fresh water (many boiled water nowadays), and wine. There is a special wine built from millet which can much much better from rice or cassava.
In some places, the Sedang maintain custom of eating betel nut. As well as men women both smoke tobacco into powder and chew it as opposed to smoking it.
Clothing: Men wear loin cloths. Women wear skirts and blouses. When it is cold, they wrap themselves in blankets. Their ancient past, many among the Sedang wore clothes produced bark. Today, Sedang men wear clothes in a concept similar on the Viet, and women wear shirts and skirts made from readymade textiles. Sedang traditional textiles are generally white or black, with only a little black, white or red wine decoration.
Lifestyle: The Sedang have a home in Kon Tum province, Tra My and Phuoc Son district of Quang Nam province, and Son Tay district of Quang Ngai province. The largest population of Sedang is concerning the Ngoc Linh Hill. They live in stilt houses. As past, the Sedang households used to stay together within a longhouse, nevertheless there is often a greater tendency to separated into small family units. The situation of houses differs among groups; individual groups, private houses are clustered around a communal house. Building techniques rely on the associated with columns, and fiber lashings hold every tinnitus is created architectural elements together. The numbers of two rows of columns in each house.
Transportation: The Sedang use carrying baskets those vary in form and proficiency. Some are thickly woven, others are of thin weave. Some baskets have lids, others do not; some are decorated. Men have their own three-compartment baskets (some a form with a snail, others resembling bat wings) they will carry during the shoulder to sling just about everything.
Social organization: Each village is self-ruled, with the eldest man as its leader. The village's territory is communal, and everyone has the to own land. Although there is definitely been a distinction between rich and poor, there has not been a practice for the first kind exploiting the later. Planet past, has been servitude, but servants hadn't been badly treatment. A sense of community is known.
Marriage: This custom can be a bit different in each region. However, it is often a popular Sedang custom any time the wedding, the couple rotates the residence every few years so that they can live with both connected with parents. The pair will live permanently 1 place only after both sets of parents are deceased. Your market wedding, the groom and bride chicken thighs, wine, and food which symbolize by way of between 2. Marriage is not commercialized.
Funerals: Everybody in the village comes to offer their condolences, as a way to help along with funeral. The coffin is made from unpolished wood. People are normally buried in the village cemetery. Sedang funeral customs aren't completely analogous to associated with us other ethnic groups ultimately region: the ceremony to abandon the tomb, manifestation of the Bahnar and Giarai, does not exist everywhere. The custom of chia cua (conservation of property like the clothing, personal objects, farming tools and household utensils, etc.) for the deceased is widespread.
Beliefs: The Sedang depend upon supernatural forces. Gods and ghosts are classified as Kiak (Kia), or 'Ong', 'ba', locations call them Yang. Important gods are Lighting God, the Sun God, Mountain God, Rice God, and Water Goodness. The water God is in the picture of a serpent, or an immense eel, clearly pig with a white nose. The Sedang Rice God is in the image associated with the ugly, old but kind woman, who later becomes frog. There are many rituals offered to supernatural powers to pray for good harvest, for peace, and in addition send away bad are lacking.
Festivals: Probably the most important festivals are the rituals for the Water God on the yearly occasion of repairing water pipes. Are actually other rituals held at the beginning of each crop season, while seeding, in the middle of the crop season, when harvesting, when an individual someone sick, when building a new house, when kids are grown up, etc. Your current many communal religious festivals such with regards to offering sacrifices to the water God and also the buffalo sacrifice held by family or alternatively a village. Traditional holidays happen at different times in different villages and families, only to find they usually is situated January which lasts for three to four days.
Calendar: May find 10 months in the Sedang calendar connected to the agricultural process. There is a rest after the harvest to attend for model new crop. Per month has a couple of weeks. Each day is split into specific moments and called different names. You will find good days and bad days. For examples, you receive . day associated with a month is good for planting corn; in case the Sedang chop down bamboo at this time, may said that can in order to for a long time so it won't spoiled.
Artistic activities: The Sedang have several types of musical instruments (two-stringed Chinese violin, flute, pipe, drum, gong, horn, many others.). Some are for daily use; some are for festival only use. Instruments and melodies are different among test groups. Popular types of music are: call and response or alternating verse of young couples, songs of grown-ups, lullabies. The Sedang perform dances in some festivals; lot specific dances foe men, women, and both at the same time. Sedang folktales are rich and particular.
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