Khmu Ethnic Group

by:Chance     2020-09-04
Lables: Ethnic Groups, Khmu ethnic group, Mon-Khmer Group
Proper name: Kmu, Kho Mu, Kum Mu.
Other names: Xa Cau, Kha Klau, Mang Cau, Tay Hay, Mun Xen, Pu Thenh, Tenh
Population: 42,853 people (1999 census).
Language: The Khmu speak a language that is among the Mon-Khmer language group (Austroasiatic language family).
History: The Khmu are some of the oldest inhabitants in the northwest of Vietnam. There are also some Khmu in the mountains of Thanh Hoa, and Nghe An provinces who immigrated to Vietnam from Laos.
Production activities: The Khmu live usually by cultivating terraced field, thus they are called 'Xa an lua'. Outside of the mainstream of population are usually nomadic, the remainder of the Khmu have settled in one place and follow an agricultural picture. They plant mainly rice and corn, but pumpkin, bean, and other root vegetables. Their tools includes the axe, knife, hoe, and especially a pointed digging stick used to make it worse holes on your lawn when planting seeds. Notepads be single or double sticks a great iron head, and allow you for some time. Gathering fruit and hunting still play an important role in their economy. Handicrafts include basketry, particularly of household items, and loan . places, the Khmu do forging, carpentry, and textile weaving. Trading is mainly done on the barter system, by exchanging goods for goods. Associated with past, shells called kxoong were used as currency. The Khmu raise water buffaloes, cows, chickens for transportation, food and religious factors.
Diet: The Khmu like to steam rice and corn, ' combined with cassava. They love consume spicy, sour, and bitter foods, and grilled foods like cheo, nam pia, ca chua, etc.
Clothing: The Khmu clothe yourself in a style similar into the Thai, but a little bit different in their way of decorating forward of women's blouses with linear patterns of coins and snail shells. Today, the majority of Khmu, especially the men, clothe themselves in casual clothes like the , Thai and the Viet.
Housing: Today, the Khmu live in the provinces of Yen Bai, Son La, and Lai Chau. Because they're nomadic peoples, their villages are usually small and scattered throughout. Their house are built on stilts and created using columns, bamboo wattle walls, and bamboo floors. In several places today, the Khmu have built more permanent houses.
Transportation: The Khmu use carrying baskets with handles placed on your forehead, having a noose for your shoulder. In addition, they also use several kinds of carrying hand baggage. Those Khmu who are farmers use bamboo baskets carried by shoulder poles.
Social organization: The Khmu have close relationships with those in the same family line and those who are neighbors, especially their Thai community. Each village has inhabitants from different genealogy. Each of these has a leader. Genuine effort . already segregation between rich and poor in the village. The Khmu's surnames are from names, of animals, birds, plants; they usually are divided into three teams. Those who bear animal's names include tiger, fox, civet cat. Surnames like bird's names are definitely the great horn bill, wagtail, hen, and greater coucal. The group that has plant's names includes garlic, fern, other folks. In addition, there are certain names of inanimate objects like pig muzzle, soup ladle.
Marriage: Marriage among the Khmu is actually by free possibilities. In marriage, remnants of matriarchy can still be seen through customs as living using girl's family, husband bears wife's name, remarrying into the wife's siblings, the husband's sisters. Some steps that a marriage always be go through are pre-engagement ceremony,, an occasion when the groom stays a problem bride's family, wedding in the bride's house, and the ceremony that brings the bride to the husband's your own house. Young men and women are unengaged to date, but the marriage decision belongs to parents, especially to the bride's mother's brother. Additionally decides the money and gifts that your daughter's groom has to offer to the bride's family.
Funerals: Funerals of the Khmu include many religious rituals. It comes with an especially most of the worshiping ritual for the dead person, which last hours to the corpse is buried.
New House: Moving to a different house is a happy occasion not for only the family, but also for the whole village. Proprietor kills pigs and invites the villagers over for feast. This can be an occasion for these perform communal cultural games.
Festivals: Apart from the Lunar New Year, the Khmu also celebrate the actual Rice Festival, which is held following October (Lunar calendar) foliage. This is a happy occasion for that village over time of diligent. This New Rice Festival also displays distinctive cultural trait of the Khmu. Moreover, they still need many rituals connected to agriculture and planting.
Beliefs: The Khmu imagine there are 5 most important spirits, the spirits of Heaven, Earth, Serpent, Ancestor, and house. These are spirits who bring good things to the people, but sometimes when they get angry, they will sow destruction. Rituals for the House Spirit occur on New Year's or festival occasions, or when there are ill people in the house. An altar for the House Spirit is applied to a high shelf cooking. Ancestors are worshiped in the private room to is essential gaze of strangers. Each family line still keeps the custom of worshiping the founding ancestors with distinctive rituals and workouts. Calendar: Beside using the Thai's calendar, the Khmu also count hours and days according to the ca la table to set up for a marriage or to develop a home.
Education: Many people know how to read and write in Thai.
Artistic activities: There can be a beloved and familiar folksong melody called Tom. It's not both lyric and historic, sung from a call and response means by which. The Khmu like to dance, to play different types of flutes, appreciate the fact that play home-made bamboo options. They are especially noted for one kind of clarion.
Games: Through the holidays, ground play badminton, humming-top, different traditional competitions.
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