Colao Ethnic Group

by:Chance     2020-09-11
Lables: Colao ethnic group, Ethnic Groups, Kadai Group
Proper name: Colao.
Other names: Tu Du, Ho Ki and Voa De.
Local groups: Colao Xanh (or green Colao), Colao Trang (white Colao) and Colao Do (red Colao).
Population: 1,473 people.(1999 census).
History: The Colao came to Vietnam about 150-200 rice.
Language: Colao language belongs to the Kadai group, additionally includes La Ha, La Chi and Pupeo languages (part with the Tai-Kadai language family). A past, local Colao sub-groups spoke different dialects. Nowadays, however, they no longer use individual mother tongues. Instead, they speak Cantonese, Pupeo and Hmong spoken languages.
Production activities: The Colao people who live in high, rocky, mountainous areas practice slash-and-burn agriculture, cultivating swidden fields and growing maize in mountain rocky hollows. Corn is the main crop. And also they grow beans, wheat, peas, kohlrabi, therefore. The Colao use cattle manure, ashes and fertilizers for enhancing dirt. Ash is defined into the rocky hollows after corn seeds are inserted. Some Colao who live in lowland areas cultivate terraced rice virtual farmland. Rice is key advantage crop and food. Traditional handicrafts include basketry (flat bamboo baskets, winnowing baskets and lattices) and woodwork (desks, cases, horse saddles, coffins and containers). Many villages have blacksmiths who produce their farm tools.
Diet: The Colao eat ground corn, called men men, or rice, and employ wooden bowls and spoons.
Clothing: Colao women adopted Nung and Giay styles, but they usually wear longer dresses falling below the knees. Their blouses are decorated with bands of multi-colored cloth outside hem, on the front, and on the masturbator sleeves. Formerly, the White Colao and Green Colao wore a spare short-sleeved shirt outside display the colorful patches in the inside blouses' sleeves.
Housing: Colao villages might be comprised which is between 15 and 20 property owners. The house is split into three compartments along with a lean-tos, with thatched roofs or roofs made of split bamboo plants. The Red Colao also make earthen houses, as do their neighbors, the Pupeo.
Transportation: The horse is really a popular involving transportation one of several Colao. Additionally they use gui (back-baskets) with two put to transport goods and provide. The Colao usually have to carry water to their houses. In low mountainous areas, people also make ducts or the whole of gutters to bring water back to the own stores.
Social organization: Each Colao sub-group does have it's own definite family lineages, such as Van, Ho, Senh and Chao (among White Colao), Min, Cao and Su Li (Red Colao) and Sang (Green Colao). In case family doesn't have a son, it is likely they will let their daughter marry a local boy and allow him stay with men and women. The son-in-law is entitled to inherit your home of his wife's loved ones. He must constructed an altar for both his wife's parents and also the own family history.
Education: The chinese language is commonly used in religious rituals. Nowadays, Colao children learn Vietnamese and the nation's writing application.
Marriage: Marriages are different among the Colao sub-groups. According to Green Colao traditions, the bridegroom wears a long, green vest and a red gang of cloth draped over the shoulder. Your son's bride must wear her hair with a chignon or bun through the top of her jump. When she reaches her husband's home, she stops in the gate and steps on the bowl and spoon had been intentionally placed on the land surface. She stays at her husband's house earlier night. Wife seizing customs also occur in some Colao areas, significantly like customs practiced by the H'mong.
Birth: The Colao custom is to burn the placenta and you can put ash within rocky hollows. A selecting is usually named after three days and three nights, while girls actually are named after waiting two nights and three a short. In some places, grandmothers give babies their names and offer them with gifts as soon as the babies are one month more mature. This is specially the case every single time a child receives a name connoting respect for that ancestors or receives selected of Ghi Trenh, a protective spirit of children.
Funerals: Sometimes, two ceremonies are kept in a Colao funeral-burial and the ceremony for the repose for the soul-the latter may be celebrated among the Green Colao at burial or a few years later. Through prayers, salvaging hoped that the dead person's spirit will return to Chan San, the birthplace. According to Red Colao traditions, rocks are placed in a circle within tomb, each circle of stones corresponding to 10 many years of the deceased's age. If the stones completely encircle the tomb, then additional stones will go on top as needed according for the age of the deceased
Beliefs: The Colao consider that each person has three souls; rice, corn and animals present souls. The souls or spirits of rice (mother-rice, father- rice, wife-rice and husband- rice) are worshiped at the final of the harvest-time and on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month. Ancestors of three or four generations are worshiped in the home. The spirit of your earth is venerated by each friends and also via the whole village.
Education: An itemized form of the Coho language was invented in early 20th century; it is primarily by the Latin system. Very has been revised inside the years and was taught in any one the local schools, Coho script is not widespread nowadays.
Artistic activities: Coho folklore is abundantly rich. The verses of lyrical poems evoke romantic sentiments. The Coho can also choose many traditional dances, which performed at festivals and ceremonies. Their traditional musical instruments add set of six-pattern gongs, gourd oboes (kombuat), bam- boo flutes, deer-skin drums, etc, tend to be used for ensemble or solo shows.
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